Adhik Maas: The Auspicious Extra Month in Hindu Mythology


Adhik Maas, also known as Purushottam Maas, is a sacred and auspicious extra month that occurs once every few years in the Hindu lunar calendar. This special month holds great significance in Hindu mythology and is considered a time for intensified spiritual practices and acts of devotion. In this article, we will explore the origins of Adhik Maas, rituals followed during this month, and the spiritual benefits associated with it.

Origins of Adhik Maas:

The concept of Adhik Maas traces its roots back to ancient Hindu mythology. According to legend, Lord Vishnu, the preserver of the Universe, took the form of a demon named Muran to help Lord Shiva destroy a powerful demon named Tripurasura. However, during this battle, Lord Vishnu was covered in sweat and fatigue, which led to the creation of an additional lunar month, known as Adhik Maas, to regain his energy and balance. Hence, Adhik Maas is also referred to as Purushottam Maas, meaning the month favored by Lord Vishnu.

Rituals during Adhik Maas:

Devotees eagerly anticipate the arrival of Adhik Maas as it provides an opportunity to engage in additional religious rituals and practices. Various rituals and observances are followed during this month, including:

1. Special Prayers and Pujas: Devotees perform prayers and pujas dedicated to Lord Vishnu, seeking his blessings and divine grace.

2. Fasting: Many individuals observe fasts during this month, abstaining from certain foods or completely refraining from eating.

3. Charity and Donation: It is believed that acts of charity and donation during Adhik Maas yield enhanced spiritual benefits. Devotees contribute to noble causes and help those in need.

4. Mantra Chanting and Japa: Recitation of mantras and japa (repetition of sacred chants) is undertaken with increased dedication during Adhik Maas to invoke spiritual growth and enlightenment.

5. Performing Homams and Yagyas: Elaborate fire rituals, such as homams and yagyas, are conducted to purify the environment and attract positive energies.

Benefits of Adhik Maas:

Adhik Maas is highly valued by Hindu devotees due to the various spiritual benefits it offers. These include:

1. Spiritual Purification: The intensive spiritual practices performed during Adhik Maas help purify the mind, body, and soul, leading to spiritual growth and self-realization.

2. Amplified Rewards: Any religious or charitable activities undertaken during this auspicious month are believed to yield multiplied benefits. By intensifying their devotional practices, devotees aim to enhance their spiritual progress.

3. Rejuvenation and Renewal: Adhik Maas is considered a time to recharge and regain energy. It allows individuals to take a step back, reflect on their lives, and rejuvenate their spiritual pursuits.

4. Divine Blessings: By actively engaging in devotional practices and seeking divine grace during Adhik Maas, devotees believe they can attract the blessings of Lord Vishnu and experience his guidance and protection.


Adhik Maas holds immense significance in Hindu mythology and is observed as a sacred period for intensified devotion, self-reflection, and spiritual growth. It provides an opportunity for devotees to reinforce their connection with the divine and seek enhanced blessings and grace. The rituals associated with Adhik Maas, when performed with sincerity and devotion, are believed to yield profound spiritual benefits, amplifying the rewards of one's actions and fostering inner transformation.

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